Most programmers and students want to know which programming language is the most popular and in-demand, after all it makes very little sense to enter a field with knowledge about something that’s not in demand.
Programming languages evolve and improve with time. There are thousands of programming languages to choose from, some more popular than the others. When a company is looking for a programming talent, they are looking for people who are familiar with the system and languages they are already using.
Therefore it’s important to know:
what expertise employers are seeking for?
what languages are in-demand ?and
what languages are being used most often?
To help you answer this burning questions and narrow down the list, I have researched and compiled a list of most sought after programming languages in use today.
Languages Ranked by Number of Job Postings on Indeed.com
To find out what languages are most sought- after today, i looked at the job trends on Indeed . Here are the 10 popular languages by number of job postings on indeed.
Languages with Most Active Repositories on Github
To get a more clear picture, we also looked at the languages with most active repositories on github and here are the results.
Github PYPL (Popularity of Programming Languages )
The PYPL (popularity of programming languages) index by github is created by analyzing how often language tutorials are searched on google. It is a good indicator of how popular a language is. Here are the results for Oct 2017.
Breakdown of the most In-demand Programming Languages
This should not come as a surprise as SQL is still in very high demand by employers.The SQL(pronounced “sequel”) programming language was initially developed in the 1970’s by IBM researchers Raymond Boyce and Donald Chamberlin, however it wasn’t made available publicly until 7 years later.
Structured Query Language (SQL) is a programming language used to create and maintain databases. Databases can store information about people, products, orders or anything else. SQL is used by businesses and organizations to manipulate and extract information that is stored in their databases.
With so many companies now relying on big data analytics to run the business, employees with SQL skills and experience are some of the most sought after by employers.
Java was Originally invented in 1991 as a programming language for interactive televisions but it was too advanced for the television at that time. The first public implementation of Java (Java 1.0) was released in 1995.
Over the years Java has become one of the most widely used programming languages, used by some 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide today.
About 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies use Java as a server-side language for backend development. Java’s popularity is a mixture of several key features :
- Multi-purpose open source platform that claims to run everywhere (Write once, run anywhere).
- The leading programming language behind the Android mobile operating system.
- Very easy to read and understand.
- Well defined and extensive set of libraries .
C is one of the oldest programming languages still in use. C is the predecessor of C++ and is a simplified low-level procedural programming language. It is a common misconception that C++ is in some way dependent on C. It’s true that C++ shares a lot of the same syntax and semantics with C but both languages need to be approached differently. The use of C has not deprecated within the industry; infact it is still widely used for systems-level programming.
Despite the prevalence of higher-level languages, C is still being used for systems that are used by millions. Some popular systems that are programmed in C language include:
- Microsoft’s Windows kernel is developed mostly in C and assembly language.
- Linux is also mostly written in C.
- Mac computers are also powered by C, since the OS X kernel is written mostly in C.
- iOS, Android and Windows Phone kernels are also written in C.
- Some of the world’s most popular databases(Oracle Database, MySQL, MS SQL Server) are written in C.
The Python programming language has come a long way since it was first released in 1991. Python is a general-purpose programming language and has been extensively used in the industry for building anything from applications to games(example: Eve-Online relies heavily on python for both client and server ends).
Python is very ubiquitous due to its simplicity, versatility and extensive library. Python is in high demand and will likely remain so for the foreseeable future. Even if it were to become “obsolete” tomorrow, there is still a tremendous amount of code written in Python that will have to be maintained.
PHP is another popular programming language used for web development and applications. PHP is not only easy and developer friendly but also robust in nature.In fact many popular applications and websites such as WordPress, Flickr, Yahoo, Facebook, Wikipedia etc are built using PHP.
It is important to note that PHP has slightly fallen in popularity in the last few years due to several reasons with the language’s design as well as the rise of Ruby on Rails and Node.js frameworks. PHP 7 was recently released to fix most of the problems it has been accused of (inconsistency, slowness, etc).
Facebook has also made huge investment in PHP by inventing a new PHP- Derived language called ‘Hack’ which will likely keep PHP relevant for the coming years. Regardless of all this, PHP is still steady and highly in demand.
If there is one take away from our analysis; it’s that no programming language can accomplish every task. To be a successful developer, you have to learn multiple languages and be able to adapt,learn and change according to changing market.
If you are interested in learning this programming languages, here are some recommendations:
Head First Java (Book)
Programming in C (Book)
What other languages would you add to this list if any? If you have any suggestions or thoughts, let us know in the comment section down below.
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